Law Enforcement Should Support Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) to keep LEOs safer
Prepared by Mental Illness Policy Org. http://mentalillnesspolicy.org (12/13)
The mental health system has failed to provide care for the most seriously mentally ill, so persons with untreated serious mental illness have increasingly become a law enforcement responsibility. This puts police, patients, and public at risk and is a major drain on law enforcement resources. Assisted Outpatient Treatment (AOT) returns care and treatment for the most seriously mentally ill back to mental health departments, thereby keeping police, public and patients safer and preserving law enforcement resources.
Assisted Outpatient Treatment. AOT allows courts to order the most seriously mentally ill revolving-door patients (“frequent fliers”) to stay in treatment as a condition of staying in the community and also order the mental health system to provide the treatment.
AOT reduces EDP calls, arrest, booking, trial, incarceration and parole
83% fewer experienced arrest
87% fewer experienced incarceration.
49% fewer abused alcohol
48% fewer abused drugs
55% fewer recipients engaged in suicide attempts or physical harm to self
47% fewer physically harmed others
46% fewer damaged or destroyed property
43% fewer threatened physical harm to others.
74% fewer participants experienced homelessness
77% fewer experienced psychiatric hospitalization
AOT cut costs in half by replacing expensive incarceration with less expensive community treatment
AOT can dramatically reduce the number of LEO-Mentally ill interactions. Mental Health departments are reluctant to use AOT because it requires them to engage and provide services for the most seriously ill. Greater use of AOT would result in the mental health system offloading fewer seriously ill to criminal justice. It is important for LEOs to become vigorous supporters of enacting and using AOT laws.
For more information on how Assisted Outpatient Treatment benefits law enforcement, contact Chief Michael Biasotti Immediate Past President, New York State Association of Chiefs of Police ,c/o New Windsor, NY Police Department (845) 565-7000
Results from NYS. Similar results in other jurisdictions. http://kendras-law.org/kendras-law/research/kendras-law-studies.html