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E. Fuller Torrey, M.D.

Books

An Introduction to Health and Health Education in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Berhanena Salem Press, 1966. Edited and wrote one chapter.
Ethical Issues in Medicine: The Role of the Physician in Today's Society. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1968. Edited and wrote two chapters. Translated into Italian.
The Mind Game: Witchdoctors and Psychiatrists. New York: Emerson Hall, 1972. Paperback by Bantam, 1973. Alternate selection of Book-of-the-Month Club. Alternate selection of Psychotherapy and Social Science Book Club. Translated into Polish. Republished in 1986 as Witchdoctors and Psychiatrists: The Common Roots of Psychotherapy and Its Future by Harper and Row (paperback) and Jason Aronson Inc. (hardcover).
International Collaboration in Mental Health. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1973. Coedited and coauthored three chapters.
The Death of Psychiatry. Philadelphia: by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Chilton, 1974. Paperback by Penguin, 1975. Main selection of Psychology Today Book Club. Translated into Portuguese, Dutch, and Spanish.
Why Did You Do That? Rainy Day Games for a Postindustrial Society. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Philadelphia, Chilton, 1975. Main selection of Cosmopolitan Book Club.
Schizophrenia and Civilization. New York: Jason Aronson Inc., 1980. Alternate selection of Psychotherapy and Social Science Book Club. Translated into Japanese. ACLS History Ebook Project selection.
Surviving Schizophrenia: A Family Manual. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, New York, Harper and Row, 1983. Paperback by Harper and Row, 1985. Second edition published in 1988. Third edition published in 1995. Fourth edition published in 2001. Translated into Japanese, Russian, Italian, Spanish, and Chinese. Fifth edition published in 2006.
The Roots of Treason: Ezra Pound and the Secret of St. Elizabeths. New York: McGraw- Hill, 1983. Paperback by Harvest Books, 1984, and by Lucas Books, 1999.
Care of the Seriously Mentally Ill: A Rating of State Programs. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Senior author with Sidney M. Wolfe. Washington: Health Research Group, 1986. Second edition coauthored with Sidney M. Wolfe and Laurie Flynn and published in 1988. Third edition coauthored with Karen Erdman, Wolfe, and Flynn and published in 1990.
Nowhere To Go: The Tragic Odyssey of the Homeless Mentally Ill. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Harper and Row, 1988. Paperback by Harper and Row, 1989.
Frontier Justice: The Rise and Fall of the Loomis Gang. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Utica: North Country Books, 1992. Children's edition for 4th to 7th graders published in 1997 as The Rise and Fall of the Loomis Gang.
Freudian Fraud: The Malignant Effect of Freud's Theory on American Thought and Culture. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, New York: HarperCollins, 1992. Main selection of Conservative Book Club. Paperback by HarperCollins, 1993, and by Lucas Books, 1999.
Criminalizing the Seriously Mentally Ill: The Abuse of Jails as Mental Hospitals. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Senior author with Joan Stieber, Jonathan Ezekiel, Sidney M. Wolfe, Joshua Sharfstein, John H. Noble, and Laurie M. Flynn. Washington, D.C.: Health Research Group and National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, 1992.
Schizophrenia and Manic-Depressive Disorder: The Biological Roots of Mental Illness as Revealed by a Landmark Study of Identical Twins. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Senior author with Ann E. Bowler, Edward H. Taylor, and Irving I. Gottesman. New York: Basic Books, 1994. Paperback edition, 1996. Translated into Japanese.
Out of the Shadows: Confronting America's Mental Illness Crisis. New York: by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, John Wiley and Sons, 1997. Paperback edition, 1998.
The Invisible Plague: The Rise of Mental Illness from 1750 to the Present. Senior author with Judy Miller. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2001. Paperback edition, 2007.
Surviving Manic Depression: A Manual on Bipolar Disorder for Patients, Families and Providers. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, With Michael Knable. New York: Basic Books, 2002. Paperback edition, 2005. Translated into Chinese.
Beasts of the Earth: Animals, Humans, and Disease. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, Senior author with Robert H. Yolken. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2005.
Surviving Prostate Cancer: What You Need to Know to Make Informed Decisions. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006. Paperback edition, 2007.
The Insanity Offense: How America’s Failure to Treat the Seriously Mentally Ill Endangers Its Citizens. by Dr. E. Fuller Torrey, New York: W.W. Norton, 2008.

Current Positions

  • Executive Director, The Stanley Medical Research Institute, investigating the causes and treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, including ongoing collaborative research on viruses as a cause of these diseases

  • President, Treatment Advocacy Center, Arlington, Virginia

  • Professor of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences

Education

Deerfield Academy, graduated 1955, Cum Laude
Princeton University, A.B., 1959, Magna Cum Laude
McGill University School of Medicine, M.D., 1963, Alpha Omega Alpha
Kaiser Foundation Hospital, San Francisco, rotating internship, 1963–64
Stanford University School of Medicine, psychiatric residency, 1967–70
Stanford University, M.A. in anthropology, 1969
Licensed by National Board of Medical Examiners and Maryland

Honors

Special Award for Meritorious Service, Kaiser Foundation Hospital, 1963
Commendation Medals, U.S. Public Health Service, 1976 and 1985
Nomination of The Roots of Treason as one of five best biographies, National Book Critics Circle, 1983
Outstanding Professional Contribution Award for 1984, The Alliance for the Mentally Ill of Maryland
Special Families Award, National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, 1984
Annual award, Psychiatric Outpatient Centers of the Americas, 1986
National Caring Award, 1991
Nathaniel Winkelman Award, Belmont Behavioral Health, 1998
International Congress for Schizophrenia Award, 1999
NARSAD Humanitarian Award, 1999
Irving Blumberg Human Rights Award, World Association for Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 2002
William C. Porter Lecture Award, Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, 2002
Litchfield Lectureship with Title, Oxford University, 2003
NAMI Cornerstone Award, 2004
Anchor Mental Health Achievement Award, 2004
Washington Life magazine Substance and Style Award, 2007

Membership

Society for Biological Psychiatry

Experience

1964–86: U.S. Public Health Service; retired as Medical Director (0–6).
1964–66: Peace Corps Physician, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Experience in health problems of underdeveloped areas.
1967: Neighborhood Medical Care Demonstration, an O.E.O. neighborhood health center in the South Bronx. Work was primarily on developing nonprofessional medical workers.
1970–75: National Institute of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD. As Special Assistant to the Director, developed international programs. As Director of New Careers Training Program, set up grant program for utilization of paraprofessionals in mental health services.
1975–76: Chief, Pribilof Health Services, Indian Health Service, Alaska. Total responsibility for medical, obstetrical, and dental care of 450 Aleuts on St. Paul Island. Supervised by radio a Physician-Assistant on St. George Island.
1977–86: St. Elizabeths Hospital, Washington, D.C. Staff psychiatrist in Richardson, Noyes, and Forensic Divisions, specializing in the treatment of severe mental illness.
In 1979–81, was Division Director and Clinical Director of Noyes Division, with 400 patients and 250 employees. In 1982, was visiting scientist at St. Patrick's Hospital, Castlerea, County Roscommon, Ireland, with clinical and research responsibilities.
1986–92: Principal investigator, NIMH research grant to study identical twins with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
1989 to May 2003: Executive Director, The Stanley Medical Research Institute
May 2003 to January 2008: Associate Director for Laboratory Research, The Stanley Medical Research Institute
January 2008 to present: Executive Director, The Stanley Medical Research Institute

Appointments

1967: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Instructor in Preventive Medicine and Community Health
1969–71: Group for Advancement of Psychiatry, Sol W. Ginsburg Fellowship
1970–72: American Psychiatric Association Committee on Psychiatry and Foreign Affairs
(1970–71) and Committee on Social Issues (1971–72)
1973–75: World Psychiatric Association, Secretary of Transcultural Section
1980–84: Contributing Editor, Psychology Today
1998 to present: Professor of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
1998 to present: Adjunct faculty, George Mason University, School of Law
Past member of the editorial boards of Schizophrenia Research and Schizophrenia Bulletin

Book Chapters (sole author unless otherwise noted)

Ethical Issues in Future Medicine. In S. Wallia (ed.), Toward Century 21—Technology, Society and Human Values, New York: Basic Books, 1970.
Indigenous Psychotherapy: Theory and Techniques. In J. Masserman (ed.), Current
Psychiatric Therapies, Vol. 10, New York: Grune and Stratton, 1970.
Mental Health Services for American Indians and Eskimos. Community Mental Health Journal 6:455–463, 1970. Reprinted in Community Health and Mental Health Care
Delivery for North American Indians, New York: MSS Information Corporation, 1974.
The Irrelevancy of Traditional Mental Health Services for Urban Mexican Americans. In Stanford M.D. 9:2–7, 1970. Republished in Levitt and Rubenstein (eds.), On the Urban Scene, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1973.
What Western Psychotherapists Can Learn from Witchdoctors. In American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 42:69–76, 1972. Reprinted in O. Milton and R.G. Wahler (eds.), Behavior Disorders: Perspective and Trend, 3d ed., Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1973; in J.S. Gillis
(ed.), Social Influence in Psychology: Readings and Commentary, Chicago: Nelson Hall, 1976; in T.E. Billimek (ed.), Readings About Psychology and You, New York:
Scott Foreman, 1979; and in J.E. Mezzich (ed.), Culture and Psychopathology, New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
Is Schizophrenia Universal? An Open Question. Schizophrenia Bulletin 7:53–59, 1973. Reprinted in Italian in L. Forte (ed.), L'Altra Pazzia, Milan: Feltrinelli, 1975, and in Spanish by Tusquets of Barcelona, 1976.
Spiritualists and Shamans as Psychotherapists: An Account of Original Anthropological Sin. In I.I. Zaretsky and M.P. Leone (eds.), Pragmatic Religions: Contemporary Religious Movements in America, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974.
Psychic Healing and Psychotherapy. In S. Dean (ed.), Psychiatry and Mysticism, Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1975.
The Irrational as Illness, the Irrational as Policy. In E.J. Lieberman (ed.), Mental Health Monograph, Washington: American Public Health Association, 1975.
The Evolution of Concepts of Mental Illness and Mental Health Care. Presented at WHO Seminar on the Organization of Mental Health Services, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1973, and published in T.A. Baasher et al. (eds.), Mental Health Services in Developing Countries, Geneva: WHO, 1975.
M.R. Peterson, E Fuller Torrey. Viruses and Other Infectious Agents as Behavioral Teratogens. In M. Coleman (ed.), The Autistic Syndromes, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1976.
The Primal Therapy Trip: Medicine or Religion. Psychology Today, December 1976, pp. 62–68. Reprinted in J.H. Brennecke and R.G. Amick (eds.), Readings To Accompany Psychology and Human Experience, 2nd ed., New York: Glencoe, 1978.
The Future of Psychiatry as a Medical Specialty. In J.P. Brady and K. Brody (eds.),
Controversy in Psychiatry, Philadelphia: Saunders, 1978. Reprinted in Psychiatry at the Crossroads, same editors and publisher, 1980.
Epidemiology. In L. Bellak (ed.), The Disorders of the Schizophrenic Syndrome, New York: Basic Books, 1979. D.J. Luchins, D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey, R.J. Wyatt. HLA Antigen in Schizophrenia: Relation to Computed Tomography and Psychopathology. In C. Perris, G. Struve, and B. Jansson (eds.), Biological Psychiatry 1981, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1982.
E Fuller Torrey, P. Albrecht, R.H. Yolken, M.R. Peterson, C.J. Winfrey. Viral Antibodies in Schizophrenia CSF. In C. Perris, G. Struve, and B. Jansson (eds.), Biological Psychiatry 1981, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1982.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken, P. Albrecht. Cytomegalovirus as a Possible Etiological Agent in Schizophrenia. In P.V. Morozov (ed.), Research on Viral Hypothesis of Mental Disorder, Basel: Karger, 1983.
F. Karoum, E Fuller Torrey, D.L. Murphy, R.J. Wyatt. The Origin, Drug Interaction, Urine, Plasma and CSF Concentrations of Phenylacetic Acid in Normal and Psychiatric Subjects. In A.A. Boulton, G.B. Baker, G.W. Dewhurst, and M. Sander (eds.), Neurobiology of the Trace Amines, Clifton, N.J.: Humana Press, 1984.
E Fuller Torrey, C.A. Kaufmann. Schizophrenia and Neuroviruses. In H.A. Nasrallah and D.R. Weinberger (eds.), The Neurology of Schizophrenia, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1986.
Hypotheses on the Seasonality of Schizophrenic Births. In C.L. Cazzullo, G. Invernizzi, E. Sacchetti, and A. Vita (eds.), Etiopathogenetic Hypotheses of Schizophrenia, Lancaster, England: MTP Press, 1987.
C.A. Kaufman, L.E. DeLisi, E Fuller Torrey, S.E. Folstein, W.J. Smith. T-Lymphocytes Subsets and Schizophrenia. In E. Kurstak, Z.J. Lipowski, and P.V. Morozov (eds.), Viruses, Immunity and Mental Disorders, New York: Plenum, 1987.
The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia: Questions Needing Answers. In S.C. Schulz and C.A. Tamminga (eds.), Schizophrenia: Scientific Progress, New York: Oxford, 1989.
E Fuller Torrey, A.E. Bowler, R. Rawlings. An Influenza Epidemic and the Seasonality of Schizophrenic Births. In E. Kurstak (ed.), Psychiatry and Biological Factors, New York: Plenum, 1991.
An American Perspective: Crises in Services for People with Serious Mental Illnesses. In M.P.I. Weller and M. Muijen (eds.), Dimensions of Community Mental Health, London: W.B. Saunders, 1993.
Protecting the Rights, the Person, and the Public: A Biological Basis for Responsible Action. In C.J. Sundram (ed.), Choice and Responsibility: Legal and Ethical Dilemmas in Services for Persons with Mental Disabilities, Albany: New York State Commission on Quality of Care, 1995.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Viral Explanations for Neurodevelopmental Findings. In J.L. Waddington and P.F. Buckley (eds.), The Neurodevelopmental Basis of Schizophrenia, Austin: R.G. Landes, 1995.
R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. The Hypothesis of a Viral Etiology in Bipolar Disorder. In J.C. Soares and S. Gershon (eds.), Basic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications of Bipolar Disorder, New York: Marcel Dekker, 2000. Revised chapter in J.C. Soares and A.H. Young (eds.), Bipolar Disorders: Basic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications, 2nd ed., New York: Marcel Dekker, 2006.
E Fuller Torrey, M.B. Knable. Introduction. In G. Agam, R.H. Belmaker, and I. Everall (eds.), The Post-Mortem Brain in Psychiatric Research, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.
M.B. Knable, B.M. Barci, M.J. Webster, E Fuller Torrey. Summary of prefrontal molecular abnormalities in the Stanley Foundation Neuropathology Consortium. In G. Agam, R.H. Belmaker, and I. Everall (eds.), The Post-Mortem Brain in Psychiatric Research, Boston:
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2002.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Viruses as Possible Causes of Schizophrenia. In C.S. Schulz and C. Tamminga (eds.), Schizophrenia: A Research Guide, New York: Oxford University Press, in press.
R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. Infectious Agents and Schizophrenia. In S.L. Knobler et al. (eds.), The Infectious Etiology of Chronic Diseases, Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2004, pp. 59–66.
Emilio. In R.L. Spitzer, M.B. First, M. Gibbon, J.B.W. Williams (eds.), Treatment Companion to the DSM-IV-TR Casebook, Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2004, pp. 232–237.
The Relationship of Insight to Violent Behavior and Stigma. In X.F. Amador, A.S. David (eds.), Insight and Psychosis: Awareness of Illness in Schizophrenia and Related Disorders, 2nd ed., New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 243–256.

Articles (sole author unless otherwise noted)

Euthanasia: a problem in medical ethics. McGill Medical Journal 30:127–133, 1961.
Sterilization: a problem in medical ethics. McGill Medical Journal 31:3–11, 1962.
Malignant neoplasms among Alaskan natives: An epidemiological approach to cancer. McGill Medical Journal 31:107–115, 1962.
Artificial insemination: a problem in medical ethics. McGill Medical Journal 32:4–13, 1963.
Crocodile bites on the Baro. Journal of the American Medical Association 194:195, 1965.
E Fuller Torrey, C. Uyeda. The diencephalic syndrome of infancy; report of two cases. American Journal of Diseases of Children 110:689–696, 1965.
A medical survey of the Saysay People in the Blue Nile Gorge. Ethiopian Medical Journal 4, July 1966.
School health and community contacts. Ethiopian Medical Journal 4:133–135, July 1966.
The Zar Cult in Ethiopia. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 13:216–223, 1967.
Health services in Ethiopia. The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 45:275–286, 1967.
Chloroquine seizures: Four cases and a review. Journal of the American Medical Association 204:867–870, 1968.
American medicine is robbing poor nations. The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha 31:108– 113, 1968.
H. Wise, E Fuller Torrey, A. McDade, G. Perry, H. Bograd. The Family Health Worker. American Journal of Public Health 58:1928–1938, 1968.
The case for the indigenous therapist. Archives of General Psychiatry 20:365–373, 1969.
E Fuller Torrey, F. VanRheenen, H. Katchadourian. Problems of foreign students: An overview. Journal of American College Health Association 19:83–86, 1970.
Observations on Buddhism and psychiatry in Thailand. The World Fellowship of Buddhists Bulletin 7:16–19, 1970.
B.S. Brown, F.M. Ochberg, J.R. Marshall, E Fuller Torrey. What are young psychiatrists thinking about? Psychiatric Opinion 7:7–11, 1970.
Who says witchdoctors aren't relevant? Hospital Physician, May 1971, pp. 122–127.
Emergency Soviet psychiatric ambulance services. American Journal of Psychiatry 128:153–157, 1971.
Psychiatric training: The SST of American medicine. Psychiatric Annals 2:60–71, 1972. R.L. Taylor, E Fuller Torrey. The self-education of psychiatric residents. American Journal of Psychiatry 128:1116–1121, 1972.
The psychiatrist as witchdoctor. Washington Post, July 23, 1972, pp. B1, B4.
R.L. Taylor, E Fuller Torrey. The pseudo-regulation of American psychiatry. American Journal of Psychiatry 129:658–662, 1972.
S.H. Nelson, E Fuller Torrey. The religious functions of psychiatry. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 43:362–367, 1973. Also appeared in modified form in Medical Opinion 1:26–28, 1972, as My psychiatrist is my shepherd.
E Fuller Torrey, D. Smith, H. Wise. The Family Health Worker revisited: a five year follow-up. American Journal of Public Health 63:71–74, 1973.
Is schizophrenia universal? An open question. Schizophrenia Bulletin 7:53–59, 1973.
E Fuller Torrey, R.L. Taylor. Cheap labor from poor nations. American Journal of Psychiatry 130:428–433, 1973.
E Fuller Torrey, M.R. Peterson. Slow and latent viruses in schizophrenia. Lancet 2:22–24, July 7, 1973.
R.L. Taylor, E Fuller Torrey. Mental health coverage under a national health insurance plan. World Journal of Psychosynthesis 6:22–27, 1974.
E Fuller Torrey, B.B. Torrey, B.G. Burton-Bradley. The epidemiology of schizophrenia in Papua New Guinea. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:567–573, 1974.
B.S. Brown, I.J. Kopin, M. Kramer, L.R. Mosher, W.N. Pollin, G.C. Salmoiraghi, E Fuller Torrey. The 1972 NIMH mission to assess schizophrenic research in the U.S.S.R. Schizophrenia Bulletin 1:148–153, 1974.
E Fuller Torrey, M.R. Peterson. Schizophrenia and the limbic system. Lancet 2:942–946, 1974.
The psychiatrist has no clothes. Washington Post, Outlook Section, October 13, 1974.
E Fuller Torrey, S.P. Hersh, K.D. McCabe. Early childhood psychosis and bleeding during pregnancy. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia 5:287–297, 1975.
E Fuller Torrey, M.R. Peterson. The viral hypothesis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 2:136–146, 1976.
Psychiatry has no future: Here's why. Modern Medicine, October 1, 1976.
E Fuller Torrey, M.S. Torrey. Familial aggregation of blood pressures among Aleut children. Pediatrics 59:633–635, 1977.
The Serbsky treatment: An interview with Vladimir Bukovsky. Psychology Today, June 1977, pp. 38–87.
E Fuller Torrey, B.B. Torrey, M.R. Peterson. Seasonality of schizophrenic births in the U.S. Archives of General Psychiatry 34:1065–1070, 1977.
Birth weights, perinatal insults and HLA types: The return to original din. Schizophrenia Bulletin 3:347–351, 1977.
E Fuller Torrey, M.R. Peterson, W.L. Brannon, W.T. Carpenter, R.M. Post, D.P. Van Kammen. Immunoglobulins and viral antibodies in psychiatric patients. British Journal of Psychiatry 132:342–348, 1978.
Doctors don't police own ills. Washington Post, July 9, 1978, pp. B1–B4.
E Fuller Torrey, B.B. Torrey. A shifting seasonality of schizophrenic births. British Journal of Psychiatry 134:183–186, 1979.
Tracking the causes of madness. Psychology Today, March 1979, pp. 79–91.
D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey, A.N. Neophytides, R.J. Wyatt. Lateral cerebral ventricular enlargement in chronic schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 36:735–739, 1979.
E Fuller Torrey, F.M. Reiff, G.R. Noble. Hypertension among Aleuts. American Journal of Epidemiology 110:7–14, 1979.
L.B. Bigelow, E Fuller Donnelly, E Fuller Torrey, C.A. Lee. Assessment of clinical status of schizophrenic patients by the WAIS comprehension subtest. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 40:258–261, 1979.
D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey, A.N. Neophytides, R.J. Wyatt. Structural abnormalities in the cerebral cortex of chronic schizophrenic patients. Archives of General Psychiatry 36:935–939, 1979.
A. O'Hare, D. Walsh, E Fuller Torrey. Seasonality of schizophrenic births in Ireland. British Journal of Psychiatry 137:74–77, 1980.
D. Luchins, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger et al. HLA antigens in schizophrenia: Differences between patients with and without evidence of brain atrophy. British Journal of Psychiatry 136:243–248, 1980.
Neurological abnormalities in schizophrenic patients. Biological Psychiatry 15:381–387, 1980.
P. Albrecht, E Fuller Torrey, E. Boone et al. Raised cytomegalovirus-antibody level in cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenic patients. Lancet 2:769–772, 1980.
D. Shore, S.W. King, W. Kaye, E Fuller Torrey et al. Serum and cerebrospinal-fluid aluminum and circulating parathyroid-hormone in primary degenerative (senile) dementia. Neurotoxicology 1:55–63, 1980.
The epidemiology of paranoid schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 7:588–593, 1981.
D.J. Luchins, D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey et al. HLA-A2 antigen in schizophrenic patients with reversed cerebral asymmetry. British Journal of Psychiatry 138:240–243, 1981.
G.S. Aulakh, J.E. Kleinman, H.S. Aulakh, P. Albrecht, E Fuller Torrey, R.J. Wyatt. Search for cytomegalovirus in schizophrenic brain tissues. Proceedings of the Society of Experimental Biology and Medicine 167:172–174, 1981.
M.H. Zweig, A.C. Van Steirteghem, E Fuller Torrey. Creatine kinase isoenzymes in the serum and CSF of schizophrenic patients. Archives of General Psychiatry 38: 1107–1109, 1981.
The protection of Ezra Pound. Psychology Today, November 1981, pp. 57–66.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken, C.J. Winfrey. Cytomegalovirus antibody in cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenic patients detected by enzyme immunoassay. Science 216:892–894, 1982.
S.G. Potkin, D. Shore, E Fuller Torrey et al. CSF zinc in ex-heroin addicts and chronic schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 17:1317–1322, 1982.
D. Shore, S.G. Potkin, D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey et al. CSF copper in chronic schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 140:754–757, 1983.
Party in a madhouse. Esquire, August 1983, pp. 86–92 (excerpts from The Roots of Treason).
E Fuller Torrey, M. McGuire, A. O'Hare, D. Walsh, M.P. Spellman. Endemic psychosis in western Ireland. American Journal of Psychiatry 141:966–970, 1984.
Washington's grate society: Schizophrenics in the shelters and on the street. Health Research Group, Washington, D.C., April 23, 1985.
M.G. Harrington, C.R. Merril, E Fuller Torrey. Differences in cerebrospinal fluid proteins between patients with schizophrenia and normal persons. Clinical Chemistry 31:722–726, 1985.
O.T. Preble, E Fuller Torrey. Serum interferon in patients with psychosis. American Journal of Psychiatry 142:1184–1186, 1985.
Management of chronic schizophrenic outpatients. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 9:143–151, 1986.
The stress of treating the chronically mentally ill as outpatients. Poca Press 17:5–13, 1986.
Finally, a cure for the homeless. Washington Monthly, September 1986, pp. 23–27. Reprinted in The New Physician 35:34–45, 1986.
Continuous treatment teams in the care of the chronic mentally ill. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 37:1243–1247, 1986.
Functional psychoses and viral encephalitis. Integrative Psychiatry 4:224–236, 1986.
Forced medication is part of the cure. New Physician 35:7, 44–45, 1986.
Prevalence studies in schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry 150:598–608, 1987.
Viruses as the possible cause of schizophrenic birth seasonality. Progress in Biometeorology 5:177–184, 1987.
Hope through research. New Directions for Mental Health Services 34:91–99, 1987.
Stalking the schizovirus. Schizophrenia Bulletin 14:223–229, 1988.
E Fuller Torrey, R. Rawlings, I.N. Waldman, Schizophrenic births and viral diseases in two states. Schizophrenia Research 1:73–77, 1988.
Thirty years of shame. Policy Review, Spring 1989, pp. 2–7. Reprinted in National Forum,
Winter, 1993.
E Fuller Torrey, Y.D. Upshaw, R. Suddath. Medication effect on lymphocyte morphology in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 2:385–390, 1989.
R.L. Suddath, G.W. Christison, E Fuller Torrey, M.F. Casanova, D.R. Weinberger. Anatomical abnormalities in the brains of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. New
England Journal of Medicine 322:789–794, 1990.
Economic barriers to widespread implementation of model programs for the seriously mentally ill. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 41:526–531, 1990.
M.F. Casanova, R.D. Sanders, T.E. Goldberg, L.B. Bigelow, G. Christison, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Morphometry of the corpus collosum in monozygotic twins
discordant for schizophrenia: A magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 53:416–421, 1990.
Stealing from the mentally ill. Public Citizen, July/August 1990, pp. 22–23.
E Fuller Torrey , A.E. Bowler. The seasonality of schizophrenic births: A reply to Marc S. Lewis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 16:1–3, 1990.
E Fuller Torrey, A.E. Bowler. Geographical distribution of insanity in America: Evidence for an urban factor. Schizophrenia Bulletin 16:591–604, 1990.
T.E. Goldberg, J.D. Ragland, E Fuller Torrey, J.M. Gold, L.B. Bigelow, D.R. Weinberger. Neuropsychological assessment of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia.
Archives of General Psychiatry 47:1066–1072, 1990.
J.L. Waddington, E Fuller Torrey, T.J. Crow, S.R. Hirsch. Schizophrenia, neurodevelopment and disease. Archives of General Psychiatry 48:271–273, 1991.
Who goes homeless? National Review, August 26, 1991, pp. 34–36.
H.S. Bracha, E Fuller Torrey, L.B. Bigelow, J.B. Lohr, B.B. Linington. Subtle signs of prenatal maldevelopment of the hand ectoderm in schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 30:719–725,
1991.
Schizophrenia section in World Book Encyclopedia, 1991.
A viral-anatomical explanation of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 17:15–18, 1991.
Oedipal wrecks. Washington Monthly 24:32–38, 1992.
Remembrance of psychosis past. Journal of the California AMI 3:5–6, 1992.
Are we overestimating the genetic contribution to schizophrenia? Schizophrenia Bulletin 18:159–170, 1992.
J.D. Ragland, T.E. Goldberg, B.E. Wexler, J.M. Gold, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Dichotic listening in monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 7:177–183, 1992.
D.R. Weinberger, K.F. Berman, R. Suddath, E Fuller Torrey. Evidence of dysfunction of a prefrontal-limbic network in schizophrenia: A magnetic resonance imaging and regional blood flow study of discordant monozygotic twins. American Journal of Psychiatry 149:890–897, 1992.
D.R. Weinberger, K.R. Berman, E Fuller Torrey. Correlations between abnormal hippocampal morphology and prefrontal physiology in schizophrenia. Clinical Neuropharmacology 15 (Supp 1): 393A–394A, 1992.
D.R. Weinberger, J.R. Zigun, A.J. Bartley, D.W. Jones, E Fuller Torrey. Anatomical abnormalities in the brains of monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia. Clinical Neuropharmacology 15 (Supp 1): 122A–123A, 1992.
H.S. Bracha, E Fuller Torrey, I.I. Gottesman, L.B. Bigelow, C. Cuniff. Second- trimester markers of fetal size in schizophrenia: A study of monozygotic twins. American Journal of Psychiatry 149:1355–1361, 1992.
K.F. Berman, E Fuller Torrey, D.G. Daniel, D.R. Weinberger. Regional cerebral blood flow in monozygotic twins discordant and condordant for schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 49:927–934, 1992.
The mental health mess. National Review, December 28, 1992, pp. 22–25. Crazy like a fox. Washingtonian, January 1993.
E Fuller Torrey, J.D. Ragland, J.M. Gold, T.E. Goldberg, A.E. Bowler, L.B. Bigelow, I.I. Gottesman. Handedness in twins with schizophrenia: was Boklage correct? Schizophrenia Research 9:83–85, 1993.
M.H. Polymeropoulos, H. Xiao, E Fuller Torrey, L. DeLisi, T. Crow, C.R. Merril. Search for a genetic event in monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research 48:27–36, 1993.
M.H. Rapaport, E Fuller Torrey, C.G. McAllister, D.L. Nelson, D. Pickar, S.M. Paul. Increased soluble interleukin-2 receptors in schizophrenic monozygotic twins. European Archives of
Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 243:7–10, 1993.
A.J. Bartley, D.W. Jones, E Fuller Torrey, J.R. Zigun, D.R. Weinberger. Sylvian fissure
asymmetries in monozygotic twins: A test of laterality in schizophrenia. Biological
Psychiatry 34:853–863, 1993.
E Fuller Torrey, A.E. Bowler, R. Rawlings, A. Terrazas. Seasonality of schizophrenia and
stillbirths. Schizophrenia Bulletin 19:557–562, 1993.
E Fuller Torrey, D.A. Bigelow, N. Sladen-Dew. Quality and cost of services for seriously
mentally ill individuals in British Columbia and the United States. Hospital and Community
Psychiatry 44:943–950, 1993.
T.E. Goldberg, E Fuller Torrey, J.M. Gold, J.D. Ragland, L.B. Bigelow, D.R. Weinberger.
Learning and memory in monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Psychological
Medicine 23:71–85, 1993.
T.E. Goldberg, E Fuller Torrey, K.F. Berman, D.R. Weinberger. Relations between
neuropsychological performance and brain morphological and physiological measures in
monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research 55:51–61, 1994.
E Fuller Torrey, E.H. Taylor, H.S. Bracha et al. Prenatal origin of schizophrenia in a subgroup
of discordant monozygotic twins. Schizophrenia Bulletin 20:423–431, 1994.
T.F. McNeil, E. Cantor-Graae, E Fuller Torrey et al. Obstetric complications in histories of
monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatrica
Scandinavica 89:196–204, 1994.
Violent behavior by individuals with serious mental illnesses. Hospital and Community
Psychiatry 45:653–662, 1994. Reprinted in Innovations and Research
3:5–17, 1994; in Advances in Psychiatric Knowledge, APA Press, 1995; in Violent
Behavior and Mental Illness, APA Press, 1997; and in Insight and Psychosis, Oxford
University Press, 1998.
E. Cantor-Graae, T.F. McNeil, E Fuller Torrey et al. Link between pregnancy complications
and minor physical anomalies in monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. American
Journal of Psychiatry 151:1188–1192, 1994.
R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. Viruses, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Clinical
Microbiology Reviews 8:131–145, 1995.
H.S. Bracha, B. Lange, P.S. Gill, J.W. Gilger, E Fuller Torrey, I.I. Gottesman,
D.S. McCray. Subclinical microcrania, subclinical macrocrania, and fifth-month fetal
markers (of growth retardation or edema) in schizophrenia: A co-twin control study of
discordant monozygotic twins. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology and Behavioral
Neurology 8:44–52, 1995.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Could schizophrenia be a viral zoonosis transmitted from house
cats? Schizophrenia Bulletin 21:167–171, 1995.
15
T.E. Goldberg, J.M. Gold, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Lack of sex differences in the
neuropsychological performance of patients with schizophrenia. American Journal of
Psychiatry 152:883–888, 1995.
E Fuller Torrey, R.J. Kaplan. A national survey of the use of outpatient commitment.
Psychiatric Services 46:778–784, 1995.
Prevalence of psychosis among the Hutterites: a reanalysis of the 1950–53 study.
Schizophrenia Research 16:167–170, 1995.
T.E. Goldberg, E Fuller Torrey, J.M. Gold, L.B. Bigelow, R.D. Ragland, E. Taylor,
D.R. Weinberger. Genetic risk of neuropsychological impairment in schizophrenia: A study
of monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for the disorder. Schizophrenia Research
17:77–84, 1995.
A.M. Taller, D.M. Asher, K.L. Pomeroy, B.A. Eldadah, M.S. Godec, P.G. Falkai,
B. Bogerts, J.E. Kleinman, J.R. Stevens, E Fuller Torrey. Search for viral nucleic acid
sequences in brain tissues of patients with schizophrenia using nested polymerase chain
reaction. Archives of General Psychiatry 53:32–40, 1996.
L.J. Brando, R. Yolken, M.M. Herman, J.E. Kleinman, C.A. Ross, E Fuller Torrey. Analysis of
the DRPLA triplet repeat in brain tissue and leukocytes from schizophrenics. Psychiatric
Genetics 6:1–5, 1996.
Russell L. Margolis et al. cDNA cloning of a human homologue of the Caenorhabditis
elegans cell fate-determining gene mab-21: expression, chromosomal localization and
analysis of a highly polymorphic (CAG)n trinucelotide repeat. Human Molecular Genetics
5:607–616, 1996.
E Fuller Torrey, R.R. Rawlings, J.E. Ennis, D.D. Merrill, D.D. Flores. Birth seasonality in
bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and stillbirths. Schizophrenia
Research 21:141–149, 1996.
D.M. Vander Putten, E Fuller Torrey, A.B. Larive, C.R. Merril. Plasma protein variations in
monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 40:437–442, 1996.
J.T. Noga, A.J. Bartley, D.W. Jones, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Cortical gyral anatomy
and gross brain dimensions in monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia.
Schizophrenia Research 22:27–40, 1996.
E Fuller Torrey, R.R. Rawlings. Fluctuations in schizophrenic births by year. British Journal of
Psychiatry 169:772–775, 1996.
M. Poltorak, R. Wright, J.J. Hemperly, E Fuller Torrey, F. Issa, R.J. Wyatt, W.J. Freed.
Monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia are discordant for N-CAM and L1 in CSF.
Brain Research 751:152–154, 1997.
L.V. Jones-Brando, J.L. Buthod, L.E. Holland, R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. Metabolites of
the antipsychotic agent clozapine inhibit the replication of human immunodeficiency virus
type 1. Schizophrenia Research 25:63–70, 1997.
R.E. Litman, E Fuller Torrey, D.W. Hommer, A.R. Radant, D. Pickar, D.R. Weinberger. A
quantitative analysis of smooth pursuit eye tracking in monozygotic twins discordant for
schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 54:417–426, 1997.
The release of the mentally ill from institutions: a well-intentioned disaster. The Chronicle
of Higher Education, June 13, 1997, pp. B4–B5. Reprinted in Abnormal Psychology
1998/99, Guilford, CT: Dushkin/McGraw-Hill.
E Fuller Torrey, A.E. Bowler, K. Clark. Urban birth and residence as risk factors for psychoses:
an analysis of 1880 data. Schizophrenia Research 25:169–176, 1997.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Antiviral medication to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
The Journal (California Alliance for the Mentally Ill) 8:87–89, September 1997.
N.L. Johnston, J. Cervenak, A.D. Shore, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken, J. Cervenak.
Multivariate analysis of RNA levels from postmortem human brains as measured by three
different methods of RT-PCR. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 77:83–92, 1997.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller, R. Rawlings, R.H. Yolken. Seasonality of births in schizophrenia and
bipolar disorder: a review of the literature. Schizophrenia Research 28:1–38, 1997.
L.C. Kopala, K.P. Good, E Fuller Torrey, W.G. Honer. Olfactory function in monozygotic
twins discordant for schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry 155:134–136, 1998.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. At Issue: Is household crowding a risk factor for schizophrenia
and bipolar disorder? Schizophrenia Bulletin 24:321–324, 1998.
J.B. Vincent, G. Kalsi, T. Klempan, Y. Tatuch, R.P. Sherrington, T. Breschel, M.G.
McInnis, J. Brynjolfsson, H. Petursson, H.M. Gurling, I.I. Gottesman, E Fuller Torrey, A.
Petronis, J.L. Kennedy. No evidence of expansion of CAG or GAA repeats in schizophrenia
families and monozygotic twins. Human Genetics 103:41–47, 1998.
J.D. Paltán-Ortiz, L.D. Bobo, M.P. Heyes, M.A. Zito, M.M. Herman, H. Velasco, N.C.
Briggs, M.J. Webster, R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. Correlation of histopathologic and
epidemiologic variables with elevated CNS interleukin-2 receptor α and quinolinic acid
levels in psychiatric disorders [abstract]. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental
Neurology 57:70, 1998.
H.H. Stassen, R. Coppola, I.I. Gottesman, E Fuller Torrey, S. Kuny, K.C. Rickler, D. Hell. EEG
differences in monozygotic twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia.
Psychophysiology 36:109–117, 1999.
M.L. Gourovitch, E Fuller Torrey, J.M. Gold, C. Randolph, D.R. Weinberger, T.E. Goldberg.
Neuropsychological performance of monozygotic twins discordant for bipolar disorder.
Biological Psychiatry 45:639–646, 1999.
17
C.E. Helmkamp, L.B. Bigelow, J.D. Paltán-Ortiz, E Fuller Torrey, J.E. Kleinman, M.M.
Herman. Evaluation of superior vermal Purkinje cell placement in mental illness. Biological
Psychiatry 45:1370–1375, 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M.B. Knable. Are schizophrenia and bipolar disorder one disease or two?
Schizophrenia Research 39:93–94, 1999.
Epidemiological comparison of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia Research
39:101–106, 1999.
P. Deb-Rinker, T.A. Klempan, R.L. O’Reilly, E Fuller Torrey, S.M. Singh. Molecular
characterization of a MSRV-like sequence identified by RDA from monozygotic twin pairs
discordant for schizophrenia. Genomics 61:133–144, 1999.
How did so many mentally ill persons get into America’s jails and prisons? American Jails,
November/December 1999, pp. 9–13.
N.L. Johnston-Wilson, C.D. Sims, J.-P. Hofmann, L. Anderson, A.D. Shore, E Fuller Torrey,
R.H. Yolken, the Stanley Neuropathology Consortium. Disease-specific alterations in
frontal cortex brain proteins in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive
disorder. Molecular Psychiatry 5:142–149, 2000.
R.H. Yolken, H. Karlsson, F. Yee, N.L. Johnston-Wilson, E Fuller Torrey. Endogenous
retroviruses and schizophrenia. Brain Research Reviews 31:193–199, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Familial and genetic mechanisms in schizophrenia. Brain
Research Reviews 31:113–117, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller, R. Rawlings, R.H. Yolken. Seasonal birth patterns of neurological
disorders: a review. Neuroepidemiology 19:177–185, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Webster, M. Knable, N. Johnston, R.H. Yolken. The Stanley Foundation
brain collection and Neuropathology Consortium. Schizophrenia Research 44:151–155,
2000.
E Fuller Torrey, R. Rawlings, R.H. Yolken. The antecedents of psychoses: a case-control study
of selected risk factors. Schizophrenia Research 46:17–23, 2000.
A. Rosa, L. Fañanas, H.S. Bracha, E Fuller Torrey, J. van Os. Congenital dermatoglyphic
malformations and psychosis: a twin study. American Journal of Psychiatry 157:9, 2000.
E.P. Lillehoj, G.M. Ford, S. Bachmann, J. Schröder, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Serum
antibodies reactive with non-human primate retroviruses identified in acute onset
schizophrenia. Journal of Neurovirology 6:492–497, 2000.
J.T. Noga, K. Vladar, E Fuller Torrey. A volumetric magnetic resonance imaging study of
monozygotic twins discordant for bipolar disorder. Psychiatry Research 106:25–34, 2001.
18
R.H. Yolken, S. Bachmann, I. Rouslanova, E. Lillehoj, G. Ford, E Fuller Torrey, J. Schroeder.
Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in individuals with first episode schizophrenia.
Clinical Infectious Diseases 32:842–844, 2001.
N.L. Johnston-Wilson, C.L.M.S. Bouton, J. Pevsner, J.J. Breen, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken,
the Stanley Neurovirology Working Group. Emerging technologies for large-scale
screening of human tissues and fluids in the study of severe psychiatric disease.
International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 4:83–92, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Outpatient commitment: what, why, and for whom. Psychiatric
Services 52:337–341, 2001.
E. Agerbo, E Fuller Torrey, P.B. Mortensen. Household crowding in early adulthood and
schizophrenia are unrelated in Denmark: a nested case-control study. Schizophrenia
Research 47:243–246, 2001.
H. Karlsson, S. Bachmann, J. Schröder, J. McArthur, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Retroviral
RNA identified in the cerebrospinal fluids and brains of individuals with schizophrenia.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98:4634–4639, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, P.B. Mortensen, C.B. Pedersen. Risk factors and confounders in the
geographical clustering of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 49:295–299, 2001.
Y. Sun, L. Zhang, N.L. Johnston, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Serial analysis of gene
expression in the frontal cortex of patients with bipolar disorder. British Journal of
Psychiatry 178:s137–s141, 2001.
M.B. Knable, E Fuller Torrey, M.J. Webster, J.J. Bartko. Multivariate analysis of prefrontal
cortical data from the Stanley Foundation Neuropathology Consortium. Brain Research
Bulletin 55:651–659, 2001.
S.L. Buka, M.T. Tsuang, E Fuller Torrey, M.A. Klebanoff, D. Bernstein, R.H. Yolken.
Maternal infections and subsequent psychosis among offspring. Archives of General
Psychiatry 58:1032–1037, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. The schizophrenia-rheumatoid arthritis connection: infectious,
immune, or both? Brain, Behavior and Immunity 15:401–410, 2001.
S.L. Buka, M.T. Tsuang, E Fuller Torrey, M.A. Klebanoff, R.L. Wagner, R.H. Yolken.
Maternal cytokine levels during pregnancy and adult psychosis. Brain, Behavior and
Immunity 15:411–420, 2001.
The year neurology almost took over psychiatry. Psychiatric Times, January 2002, pp. 1, 5–
6.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller. The capture of the Snark. The Richmond Review
<http://www.richmondreview.co.uk/library/torrey01.html>
P. Deb-Rinker, R.L. O’Reilly, E Fuller Torrey, S.M. Singh. Molecular characterization of a
2.7-kb, 12q13-specific, retroviral-related sequence isolated by RDA from monozygotic twin
pairs discordant for schizophrenia. Genome 45:381–390, 2002.
Severe psychiatric disorders may be increasing. Psychiatric Times, April 2002, pp. 1, 7.
Hippie healthcare policy. The Washington Monthly, April 2002, pp. 17–21.
M.B. Knable, B.M. Barci, J. J. Bartko, M.J. Webster, E Fuller Torrey. Molecular abnormalities
in the major psychiatric illnesses: Classification and Regression Tree (CRT) analysis of
post-mortem prefrontal markers. Molecular Psychiatry 7:392–404, 2002.
N. Bridle, C. Pantelis, S.J. Wood, R. Coppola, D. Velakoulis, M. McStephen, P. Tierney,
T.L. Le, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Thalamic and caudate volumes in monozygotic
twins discordant for schizophrenia. Australia New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 36:347–
354, 2002.
The going rate on shrinks: Big Pharma and the buying of psychiatry. The American
Prospect, July 15, 2002.
M. Desta, A. Tadesse, N. Gebre, B.M. Barci, E Fuller Torrey, M.B. Knable. Controlled trial of
hydroxychloroquine in schizophrenia. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 22:507–
510, 2002.
M.B. Knable, B.M. Barci, J.J. Bartko, M.J. Webster, E Fuller Torrey. Abnormalities of the
cingulate gyrus in bipolar disorder and other severe psychiatric illnesses: postmortem
findings from the Stanley Foundation Neuropathology Consortium and literature review.
Clinical Neuroscience Research 2:171–181, 2002.
Studies of individuals with schizophrenia never treated with antipsychotic medications: a
review. Schizophrenia Research 58:101–115, 2002.
C. Conejero-Goldberg, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Herpesviruses and Toxoplasma gondii in
orbital frontal cortex of psychiatric patients. Schizophrenia Research 60:65–69, 2003.
L. Jones-Brando, E Fuller Torrey, R. Yolken. Drugs used in the treatment of schizophrenia and
bipolar disorder inhibit the replication of Toxoplasma gondii. Schizophrenia Research
62:237–244, 2003.
E Fuller Torrey and R.H. Yolken. Toxoplasma gondii and schizophrenia. Emerging Infectious
Diseases 9:1375–1380, 2003.
G. Davies, J. Welham, D. Chant, E Fuller Torrey, J. McGrath. A systematic review and metaanalysis
of northern hemisphere season of birth studies in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia
Bulletin 29:587–593, 2003.
20
M.B. Knable, B.M. Barci, M.J. Webster, J. Meador-Woodruff, E Fuller Torrey. Molecular
abnormalities of the hippocampus in severe psychiatric illness: postmortem findings from
the Stanley Neuropathoology Consortium. Molecular Psychiatry 9: 609-620, 2004.
E Fuller Torrey, D. Dhavale, J.P. Lawlor, R.H. Yolken. Autism and head circumference in the
first year of life. Biological Psychiatry 56:892–894, 2004.
PORT updated treatment recommendations. Schizophrenia Bulletin 30:617–618, 2004.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller. The capture of the Snark. Knight Letter: The Lewis Carroll Society.
2:21–25, 2004.
S. Prabakaran, J.E. Swatton, M.M. Ryan et al. Mitochondrial dysfunction in schizophrenia:
evidence for compromised brain metabolism and oxidative stress. Molecular Psychiatry
9:684–697, 2004.
Brain environment interactions. Psychiatry 67:412–415, 2004.
Psychiatric fraud and force: a reply to Szasz. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 45:397–402,
2005.
S. Bachmann, J. Schröder, C. Bottmer, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Psychopathology in firstepisode
schizophrenia and antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii. Psychopathology 38:87–90,
2005.
Why some patients succeed. Psychiatry 68:14–16, 2005.
J. Levine, G. Agam, B.A. Sela, D.L. Garver, E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Belmaker. CSF homocysteine
is not elevated in schizophrenia. Journal of Neural Transmission 112:297–302, 2005.
E Fuller Torrey, B.M. Barci, M.J. Webster, J.J. Bartko, J.H. Meador-Woodruff, M.B. Knable.
Neurochemical markers for schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression in
postmortem brains. Biological Psychiatry 57:252–260, 2005.
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Their bugs are worse than their bite. Washington Post, April 3,
2005, pp. B1, B5.
Does psychoanalysis have a future? No. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 50:743–744, 2005.
C. Conejero-Goldberg, E. Wang, C. Yi, T.E. Goldberg, L. Jones-Brando, F.M. Marincola,
M.J. Webster, E Fuller Torrey. Infectious pathogen detection arrays: viral detection in cell lines
and postmortem brain tissue. BioTechniques 39:741–749, 2005.
J.P. Webster, P.H.L. Lamberton, C.A. Donnelly, E Fuller Torrey. Parasites as causative agents of
human affective disorders? The impact of anti-psychotic, mood-stabilizer and anti-parasite
medication on Toxoplasma gondii’s ability to alter host behavior. Proceedings of the Royal
Society: Biological Sciences 273:1023–1030, 2006.
21
R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey. Infectious agents and gene-environmental interactions in the
etiopathogenesis of schizophrenia. Clinical Neuroscience Research 6: 97–109, 2006.
P.B. Mortensen, B. Norgaard-Pedersen, B.L. Waltoft, T.L. Sorensen, D. Hougaard,
E Fuller Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Toxoplasma gondii as a risk factor for early-onset schizophrenia:
analysis of filter paper blood samples obtained at birth. Biological Psychiatry [Epub ahead
of print, August 18, 2006].
E Fuller Torrey, M.F. Leweke, M.J. Schwarz, N. Mueller, S. Bachmann, J. Schroeder,
F. Dickerson, R.H. Yolken. Cytomegalovirus and schizophrenia. CNS Drugs 20:879–885,
2006.
Prostate cancer and schizophrenia. Urology 68: 1280–1283, 2006.
E Fuller Torrey, J.J. Bartko, Z.R. Lun, R.H. Yolken. Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in
patients with schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin 33:729–736, 2007.
Schizophrenia and the inferior parietal lobule. Schizophrenia Research 97:215–225, 2007.
M. Elashoff, B.W. Higgs, R.H. Yolken, M.B. Knable, S. Weis, M.J. Webster, B.M. Barci,
E Fuller Torrey. Meta-analysis of 12 genomic studies in bipolar disorder. Journal of Molecular
Neuroscience 31:221–244, 2007.
D. Koethe, I.C. Llenos, J.R. Dulay, C. Hoyer, E Fuller Torrey, F.M. Leweke, S. Weis.
Expression of CB1 cannabinoid receptor in the anterior cingulate cortex in schizophrenia,
bipolar disorder, and major depression. Journal of Neural Transmission 114:1055–1063,
2007.
A.M. Millikan, N.S. Weber, D.W. Niebuhr, E Fuller Torrey, D.N. Cowan, Y. Li, B. Kaminski.
Evaluation of data obtained from military disability medical administrative databases for
service members with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Military Medicine 172:1032–1038,
2007.
P.B. Mortensen, B. Nørgaard-Pedersen, B.L. Waltoft, T.L. Sørensen, D. Hougaard, E Fuller
Torrey, R.H. Yolken. Toxoplasma gondii as a risk factor for early-onset schizophrenia:
analysis of filter paper blood samples obtained at birth. Biological Psychiatry 61:688–693,
2007.

Reports (sole author unless otherwise noted)
L.D. Sasich, E Fuller Torrey, S.M. Wolfe. International Comparison of Prices for
Antidepressant and Antipsychotic Drugs. Washington, D.C.: Public Citizen’s Health
Research Group, July 1998.
E Fuller Torrey, P. Lurie, S.M. Wolfe, M. Zdanowicz. Threats to Radio and Television Station
Personnel in the United States by Individuals with Severe Mental Illnesses. Washington,
D.C.: Public Citizen’s Health Research Group, and Arlington, Va.: The Treatment
Advocacy Center, December 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M.B. Knable, J.M. Davis, I.I. Gottesman, L.M. Flynn. A Mission Forgotten:
The Failure of the National Institute of Mental Health To Do Sufficient Research on Severe
Mental Illnesses. Arlington, Va.: National Alliance for the Mentally Ill, and Bethesda, Md.:
NAMI Research Institute/Stanley Foundation Research Programs, December 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, I.I. Gottesman, J.M. Davis, M.B. Knable, M.T. Zdanowicz. Missions
Impossible: The Ongoing Failure of NIMH To Support Sufficient Research on Severe
Mental Disorders. Arlington, Va.: The Treatment Advocacy Center, September 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz, S.M. Wolfe, P.G. Lurie, I.I. Gottesman, J.M. Davis.
A Federal Failure in Psychiatric Research: Continuing NIMH Negligence in Funding
Sufficient Research on Serious Mental Illnesses. Arlington, Va.: The Treatment Advocacy
Center, November 2003.

Editorials (sole author unless otherwise noted)
Needed: Minds for the medical machines. Medical Tribune, April 4, 1968.
Beyond Jack and Jill. Roche Medical Image 11:4, August 1969.
A fantasy trial about a real issue. Psychology Today, March 1977, p. 22.
The bureaucrat's new clothes: a cautionary tale. Psychology Today, July 1977, p. 95.
On the sociology of lost ideas in schizophrenic research and the watering of gardens. At
Issue, in Schizophrenia Bulletin 3:2, 176–178, 1977.
A cure for D.C. psychiatry. Washington Post, Outlook Section, September 4, 1977, p. C8.
Schizophrenia: Sense and nonsense. Psychology Today, November 1977, p. 157.
Carter's Little Pills. Psychology Today, December 1977, pp. 10–11.
Proxmirism from Pisa to Peru. Psychology Today, July 1978, p. 128.
Only in their deeds. Washington Star, July 28, 1978, p. A9.
The mental health lobby: Providers vs. consumers. Psychology Today, September 1978, p.
17.
Drug busts and the me decade. Washington Star, October 27, 1978.
A merger of oil filters and ids. Psychology Today, May 1979, pp. 120–25.
Refusing to take your medicine. Psychology Today, September 1980, pp. 12–16.
The Sweeney-Lowenstein madness. Psychology Today, October 1980,
23
pp. 14–16.
Psychiatry's failure: Helping the rich, shirking the poor. Washington Post, February 22,
1981, p. C5.
Hollywood's pique at psychiatry. Psychology Today, July 1981, pp. 74–79.
The real twilight zone. Op-ed page, Washington Post, August 26, 1983. Reprinted in
"Washington Report," American Public Welfare Association, 18:4, 1983.
Redeeming a promise to the mentally ill. Los Angeles Times, April 7, 1986, p. 5.
Schizophrenia is not a "fake." Newsday, April 25, 1986, p. 98.
What makes a good state mental health program? Hospital and Community Psychiatry
37:665, 1986.
Fiscal shell game cheats mentally ill. Wall Street Journal, November 3, 1987, p. 34.
Homelessness and mental illness. USA Today, March 1988, pp. 26–27.
Schizophrenia: Fixed incidence or fixed thinking? Psychological Medicine 19:285–287,
1989.
Time bombs on the streets. Los Angeles Times, December 4, 1989, p. B–5.
Shrinking mental health. National Review, July 11, 1994, pp. 38–39.
Jails and prisons—America’s newest mental hospitals. American Journal of Public Health
85:1611–1613, 1995.
For-profit managed care: a disaster for the severely ill. Psychiatric Times, October 1996, p.
62. Originally published in Mental Health Weekly, vol. 6, no. 28, July 15, 1996.
Medicaid block grants could be a step forward. Psychiatric Services 47:679, 1996.
Psychiatric survivors and nonsurvivors. Psychiatric Services 48:143, 1997.
Stop the madness. Wall Street Journal, July 18, 1997, p. A–14.
Let’s stop being nutty about the mentally ill. City Journal 7:68–73, 1997.
Is for-profit managed care an oxymoron? Psychiatric Services 49:415, 1998.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. We need to ask again: why do severely mentally ill go
untreated? Boston Globe, August 1, 1998.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Why deinstitutionalization turned deadly. Wall Street Journal,
August 4, 1998.
Loss of mission: the NIMH’s multiple personality. HMS Beagle, Issue 37, posted
September 4, 1998 (http://biomednet.com/hmsbeagle/37/peope/op_ed.htm)
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Utah must change its law governing involuntary commitment
of mentally ill. The Salt Lake Tribune, April 25, 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. A right to mental illness? New York Post, May 28, 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. How freedom punishes the severely mentally ill. USA Today,
June 7, 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. Deinstitutionalization hasn’t worked. The Washington Post,
July 9, 1999.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. We’ve tried mandatory treatment—and it works. City
Journal, Summer 1999, pp. 82–85.
Sick shooters. The Dallas Morning News, September 21, 1999, p. 13A.
Should forced medication be a treatment option in patients with schizophrenia? The Journal
of Psychotic Disorders: Reviews & Commentaries 3:3, 14–15, 1999.
Reinventing mental health care. City Journal, Autumn 1999, pp. 54–63.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller. Can psychiatry learn from tuberculosis treatment? Psychiatric
Services 50:1389, 1999.
A successful experiment. City Journal, Winter 1999, pp. 11–12.
C. Jacobs, E Fuller Torrey. A law that backfired: it’s time we help California’s helpless. The
San Diego Union-Tribune, February 16, 2000, p. B-9.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. State’s failure to protect its own. Baltimore Sun, March 16,
2000, p. 17-A.
The “new drugs” and the research we haven’t done. Psychiatric Services 51:279, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. Legislators had chance to aid, but failed Lenny Ray Cornia.
The Salt Lake Tribune, April 16, 2000, p. AA5.
Sanity on mental illness. City Journal, Summer 2000, pp. 10–11.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. Let us treat them now. The Washington Post, August 1, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. Not treating mental illness is dangerous and deadly. Orlando Sentinel, October 27, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M.T. Zdanowicz. Waiting for danger can prove deadly to the mentally ill. Los Angeles Times, November 13, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey and others. A roundtable discussion about the future of psychiatric services. Psychiatric Services 51:1513–1516, 2000.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. A double tragedy for Maryland’s mentally ill. The Washington Post, March 11, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Kevin’s Law would help treat mental illness, prevent tragedy. Detroit Free Press, August 28, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Connecticut’s laws claim another life. The Hartford Courant, November 2, 2001.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Committing crime is fastest ticket to treatment of mental illness. The Salt Lake Tribune, February 10, 2002.
Failing the mentally ill: New York State’s richly funded mental-health system needs fixing. City Journal, Spring 2002.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Mentally ill can be unaware they’re sick: should the mentally ill be allowed to refuse to take their medication? Boston Globe, June 9, 2002.
E Fuller Torrey, M. Zdanowicz. Stemming the tide. Buffalo News, July 2002.
Let’s reform the Baker Act. The Times Union, Jacksonville, April 21, 2003.
Report on the ad hoc APA workshop on exhibitionism. Psychiatric Times, July 2003.
A crisis ignored. New York Post, October 28, 2003.
Leaving the mentally ill out in the cold. City Journal, Autumn 2003.
A federal program for the birds. City Journal. 14:8–9, 2004.
Bird brains. Wall Street Journal, January 20, 2004, p. A14.
Pigeons vs. people. Wall Street Journal, July 18, 2005, p. A12.
Violence and schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 88: 3–4, 2006. Cats and schizophrenia. Forbes, December 11, 2006.

Letters to the Editor (sole author unless otherwise noted)

Counseling services. Psychiatric News, December 3, 1975.
Yes-fault health insurance. New England Journal of Medicine 295:788–789, 1976.
Immunoglobulins and race. British Journal of Psychiatry 133:480, 1978. Schizophrenic births. Lancet 1:882, 1978.
D.R. Weinberger, E Fuller Torrey, R.J. Wyatt. Cerebellar atrophy in chronic schizophrenia. Lancet 1:718–719, 1979.
Headaches after lumbar puncture and insensitivity to pain in psychiatric patients. New England Journal of Medicine 301:110, 1979.
E Fuller Torrey, B.B. Torrey. Sex differences in the seasonality of schizophrenic births. British Journal of Psychiatry 137:101–102, 1980.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Beemer. Sex ratio of schizophrenic siblings. Biological Psychiatry 15:173, 1980.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Beemer. Sex ratio of children of schizophrenic mothers. Biological Psychiatry 15:172, 1980.
Dear Friends. Washington Post, March 28, 1982.
Machiavelli's fate. Psychology Today, January 1983, p. 13.
Schizophrenia defined. Washington Post, July 2, 1983, p. A22.
B. Mered, P. Albrecht, E Fuller Torrey et al. Failure to isolate virus from CSF of schizophrenics. Lancet 2:919, 1983.
C.A. Kaufmann, D.R. Weinberger, R.H. Yolken, E Fuller Torrey et al. Viruses and schizophrenia. Lancet 2:136, 1983.
The non-wealthy alcoholics. Washington Post, March 30, 1984.
C.A. Kaufmann, J.R. Stevens, E Fuller Torrey. 1983 World Health Organization Symposium on Psychovirology. Archives of General Psychiatry 41:1184–1185, 1984.
E Fuller Torrey, P. Albrecht, D.E. Behr. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier in psychiatric patients. American Journal of Psychiatry 142:657–658, 1985.
Ezra Pound at 100. New York Times Book Review, December 8, 1985.
Robert-Guroff, M., E Fuller Torrey, Brown, M. Retroviruses and schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry 146:326, 1985.
Data on psychosis in Ireland unconfirmed. American Journal of Psychiatry 142:518–519, 1985, and also 142:999, 1985.
Seasonality of schizophrenic births. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 56:169, 1986.
WHO Schizophrenia Study. British Journal of Psychiatry 151:132, 1987.
Rudolph Hess's mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry 151:858, 1987.
Chronic anxiety. Atlantic Monthly, January 1989, p. 9.
Headache in schizophrenia and seasonality of births. Biological Psychiatry 26:852–853, 1989.
M.F. Casanova, M. Zito, T. Goldberg, A.A. Dargham, R. Sanders, L.B. Bigelow, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger. Shape distortion of the corpus callosum of monozygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research 3:155–156, 1990.
M.F. Casanova, M. Zito, T.E. Goldberg, R.L. Suddath, E Fuller Torrey, L.B. Bigelow, R.D. Sanders, D.R. Weinberger. Corpus callosum curvature in schizophrenic twins. Biological Psychiatry 27:83–84, 1990.
A.E. Bowler, E Fuller Torrey. Influenza and schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 47:876–877, 1990.
Financial barriers to care: A reply. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 41:1257–1258, 1990.
Offspring of twins with schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 47:976–977, 1990.
E Fuller Torrey, S.M. Wolfe. CMHC story lauded. Psychiatric Times, July 1990, p. 8.
A double tragedy. Washington Post, Health Section, February 26, 1991, p. 4.
Romanticizing hopelessness. Washington Post, August 14, 1991, p. B3.
“Hogwash” based on common sense. Psychiatric Times, September 1991, pp. 26–27.
Should psychologists prescribe drugs? Washington Post, Health Section, October 15, 1991, p. 4.
D.R. Weinberger, R.L. Suddath, M.F. Casanova, E Fuller Torrey, J.E. Kleinman. Crow's lateralization hypothesis for schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 48:85, 1991.
T.E. Goldberg, E Fuller Torrey, D.R. Weinberger, Neuropsychological performance in the unaffected twin. Archives of General Psychiatry 49:247, 1992.
Treating psychosis. Psychiatric News, January 17, 1992, p. 18.
Public psychiatry. Psychiatric Times, May 1992, p. 5.
"Full" mental-health care is too costly. USA Today, December 2, 1992, p. 12–A.
IQ and the flu: Eureka. Washington Post, November 18, 1994, p. A18.
Rating Canadian services. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 45:384, 1994.
The prevalence of schizophrenia in Ireland. Archives of General Psychiatry 51:513, 1994.
Outpatient commitment. Psychiatric Services 46:1291, 1995.
Violence and mental illness. Psychiatric Services 46:406–407, 1995.
Commentaries on “First-Rank Symptoms or Rank-and-File Symptoms?” British Journal of Psychiatry 169:543, 1996.
Breast cancer risk in psychiatric patients. American Journal of Psychiatry 154:588–589, 1997.
J.L. Waddington, E Fuller Torrey, A. Kinsella. Local geographical variation in the prevalence of schizophrenia in Co. Roscommon, Ireland, in juxtaposition with cases of bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia Research 23:181–183, 1997.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller. Season of birth and schizophrenia: southern hemisphere data. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 31:308–309, 1997.
The mind of a murderer. The New Yorker, December 22–29, 1997, p. 20.
Bad bump to schizophrenia: a comp debate. Forensic Echo: Workers’ Compensation, February 1998, pp. 15–16.
E Fuller Torrey, J. Miller. Season of birth and schizophrenia in Tasmania. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 32:127–138, 1998.
“The system is crazier than he is.” City Journal, Spring 1998, p. 10.
Medication compliance. Psychiatric Services 50:566–567, 1999.
Diagnosis incorrect. The [Bethesda] Gazette, June 9, 1999, p. A–16.
E Fuller Torrey, I.I. Gottesman. Triplets with schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry 45:655, 1999.
The cost of not treating serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services 50:1087, 1999.
Some clients will never pursue treatment. Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow, December 1999, p. 6.
A successful experiment. City Journal, Winter 1999, pp. 11–12.
Community care and schizophrenia. The Lancet 355:1827, 2000.
MH crime figures are actually conservative. Mental Health Weekly, March 19, 2001.
Advice and Consent. The Atlantic Monthly, June 2001.
Homes of Shame: Outrage, and Calls for Reform. The New York Times, May 1, 2002.
Stigma and violence. Psychiatric Services 53:1179, 2002.
Early physical and sexual abuse associated with an adverse course of bipolar illness. Biological Psychiatry 52:843, 2002.
E Fuller Torrey, C.I. Swalwell. Fatal olanzapine-induced ketoacidosis. American Journal of Psychiatry 160:2241, 2003.
Response to Dr. Vita, Schizophrenia Research 94:379, 2007.

Book Reviews

Cruel, Poor and Brutal Nations by J. Cawte. American Journal of Psychiatry 130:1051– 1052, 1973.
We the Lonely People by R. Keyes. American Journal of Psychiatry 131:475, 1974.
The Drive for Power by A.A. Hutschnecker. Psychology Today, December 1974,
Models of Madness, Models of Medicine by M. Siegler and H. Osmond; From Sad to Glad by N. Kline; The Pursuit of Mental Health by M. Herman and L. Greeman. Washington Star-News, January 26, 1975.
Psychodietetics: Food as the Key to Emotional Health by E. Cheraskin and W.M. Ringsdorf. Psychology Today, April 1975, p. 16.
The Psychological Society by M.L. Gross and Mind Control by P. Schrag. Psychology Today, March 1978, pp. 116–122.
Knowledge and Passion: Ilongot Notions of Self and Social Life by M.Z. Rosaldo. American Journal of Psychiatry 138:1269, 1981.
Thomas Szasz: Primary Values and Major Contentions by Vatz and Weinberg (eds.). American Journal of Psychiatry 141:1002, 1984.
The Patient Has the Floor by Alistair Cooke. Washington Post, June 3, 1986, p. C–3.
The Nazi Doctors: Medical Killing and the Psychology of Genocide by R.J. Lifton. Psychology Today, November 1986, pp. 78–80.
Controversies in Schizophrenia by M. Alpert (ed.). American Journal of Psychiatry 143:1178, 1986.
The Healing Brain by R. Ornstein and D. Sobel. Washington Post, July 12, 1987.
Rachel and Her Children by J. Kozol. Washington Monthly, March 1988, p. 60.
Children and Adolescents with Mental Illness: A Parents' Guide by E. McElroy (ed.). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 176:379, 1988.
Families of the Mentally Ill by A.B. Hatfield and H.P. Lefley. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 176:516, 1988.
Homelessness in the United States by J.A. Momeni. American Journal of Psychiatry 147:1372, 1990.
Out of Bedlam by A.B. Johnson and Madness in the Streets by R.J. Isaac and V.C. Armat. Los Angeles Times Book Review, October 9, 1990, p. 1.
Psychiatry Takes to the Streets by N. Cohen (ed.). American Journal of Psychiatry 148:681, 1991.
The Mad among Us by Gerald N. Grob. Washington Monthly, March 1994, pp. 59–60.
Intensive Treatment of the Homeless Mentally Ill by S.E. Katz, D. Nardacci, and A. Sabatini (eds.). American Journal of Psychiatry 151:1089, 1994.
Why Freud Was Wrong by Richard Webster. National Review, December 31, 1995, pp. 43–
The Perversion of Autonomy: The Proper Uses of Coercion and Constraints in a Liberal Society by Willard Gaylin and Bruce Jennings. Washington Monthly, October 1996, pp. 57– 58.
The Mad, the Bad, and the Innocent by Barbara R. Kirwin. Washington Monthly, September 1997, pp. 46–47.
Making Us Crazy: DSM, The Psychiatric Bible and the Creation of Mental Disorders by Herb Kutchins and Stuart A. Kirk. Washington Monthly, January/February 1998, pp. 54–55.
Imagining Robert: My Brother, Madness, and Survival, a Memoir by Jay Neugeboren. American Journal of Psychiatry 155:1072, 1998.
Out of Its Mind: Psychiatry in Crisis—A Call for Reform by J. Allan Hobson and Jonathan A. Leonard. New England Journal of Medicine 345:300, 2001.
In Therapy We Trust: America’s Obsession with Self-Fulfillment by Eva S. Moskowitz. The Washington Monthly, June 2001.
Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill by Robert Whitaker. TAC website: www.psychlaws.org, 2002.
In Search of Madness: Schizophrenia and Neuroscience by R. Walter Heinrichs. Psychiatric Services 54:1048–1049, 2003.
Shunned: Discrimination Against People with Mental Illness by Graham Thornicroft. Schizophrenia Research. 89:366–367, 2007.
Madness at Home: The Psychiatrist, the Patient, and the Family in England, 1820–1860 by Akihito Suzuki. The Historian 69:840–841, 2007.

Congressional Testimony/Hearings

Hearings on schizophrenia, Senate Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, November 20, 1986.
Hearings on research in the Veterans’ Administration hospitals, House Subcommittee on Veterans Affairs, Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies, May 6, 1993.
Hearings on deinstitutionalization, Senate Committee on Finance, May 10, 1994.
Hearings on involuntary outpatient commitment, Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, July 27, 1995.
Hearings on the problems of the homeless, House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity, March 5, 1997.
Hearings on Americans with Disabilities, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, November 13, 1998.

Biographic Profiles

S. Mencimer, “Brain storm,” Washington City Paper, January 16–22, 1998, pp. 24–35.
M. Winerip, “Schizophrenia’s most zealous foe,” New York Times Magazine, February 22, 1998, pp. 26–29.
Current Biography, July 1998, pp. 44–46.
P. Giri, “Medical miracles for the next millennium: brain bank,” Life magazine, Fall 1998
S. Mihm, “Pet theory: do cats cause schizophrenia?,” Lingua Franca, December 2000/January 2001, pp. 32–40.
P. Carlson, “Thinking outside the box,” Washington Post, April 9, 2001, pp. C1, C8.
J. Pekkanen, “Best and brightest,” Washingtonian, December 2001, pp. 41–42.
Profile, 60 Minutes, April 21, 2002.
S. Stapleton, “Gray matter? A life’s work examining mental disorders,” American Medical News, August 19, 2002.
T. Nugent, “Brain storm,” Stanford Magazine, January/February 2003.
R. Just, “Dr. Brain,” Princeton Alumni Weekly, November 5, 2003.
M. Rosenwald, “Finally, an explanation for the crazy cat lady in 5B,” Esquire, December 2005.
M. Fritz, “A doctor’s fight: more forced care for the mentally ill, Wall Street Journal, February 1, 2006.

Other

Scientific reviewer for Archives of General Psychiatry, Biological Psychiatry, British Journal of Psychiatry, Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, Schizophrenia Bulletin, Schizophrenia Research, and other journals.
Wolfe Adler Lecture, Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital, September 16, 1992.
Brady Lectureship, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, April 14–15, 1993.
William G. Rondeau Memorial Lecture, Oregon Health Services University, September 26, 1994.
Parker Annual Endowed Lecture, Ohio State University, December 4, 1996.
Plenary lecture, “Hope through Advocacy,” NAMI Convention, June 27, 2002.
Numerous radio and television appearances, including Donahue, Oprah, Geraldo, 60 Minutes, Dateline, 20/20, and PBS series The Brain.


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