Assessing Outcomes for Consumers in New York's Assisted Outpatient Treatment Program
Marvin S. Swartz, M.D., Christine M. Wilder, M.D., Jeffrey W. Swanson, Ph.D., Richard A. Van Dorn, Ph.D., Pamela Clark Robbins, B.A., Henry J. Steadman, Ph.D., Lorna L. Moser, Ph.D., Allison R. Gilbert, Ph.D., M.P.H., John Monahan, Ph.D.
This study examined whether New York State's assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) program, a form of involuntary outpatient commitment, improves a range of policy-relevant outcomes for court-ordered individuals.
Administrative data from New York State's Office of Mental Health and Medicaid claims between 1999 and 2007 were linked to examine whether consumers under a court order for AOT experienced reduced rates of hospitalization, shorter hospital stays, and improvements in other outcomes. Multivariable analyses controlling for relevant covariates were used to examine the likelihood that AOT produced these effects.
On the basis of Medicaid claims and state reports for 3,576 AOT consumers, the likelihood of psychiatric hospital admission was significantly reduced by approximately 25% during the initial six-month court order (odds ratio [OR]=.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]=.72–.82) and by over one-third during a subsequent six-month renewal of the order (OR=.59, CI=.54–.65) compared with the period before initiation of the court order. Similar significant reductions in days of hospitalization were evident during initial court orders and subsequent renewals (OR=.80, CI=.78–.82, and OR=.84, CI=.81–.86, respectively). Improvements were also evident in receipt of psychotropic medications and intensive case management services. Analysis of data from case manager reports showed similar reductions in hospital admissions and improved engagement in services.
Consumers who received court orders for AOT appeared to experience a number of improved outcomes: reduced hospitalization and length of stay, increased receipt of psychotropic medication and intensive case management services, and greater engagement in outpatient services.
(Psychiatric Services 61:XXXX, 2010)
The information on Mental Illness Policy Org. is not legal advice or medical advice. Do not rely on it. Discuss with your lawyer or medical doctor. Mental Illness Policy Org was founded in February 2011 and in order to maintain independence does not accept any donations from companies in the health care industry or government. That makes us dependent on the generosity of people who care about these issues. If you can support our work, please send a tax-deductible donation to Mental Illness Policy Org., 50 East 129 St., Suite PH7, New York, NY 10035. Thank you. Contact email@example.com Contact DJ Jaffe, founder http://mentalillnesspolicy.org.